By its nature, the horse is a fearful animal. At the same time, it possesses immense power that is incommensurate with the capabilities of a human, and can injure a man unknowingly if it suddenly bolts, startles, stands on hind legs or moves back.
For safety, please follow the rules below during the training sessions and grooming procedures:
1. Stay calm and gentle with the horse. Be sure to hail it when approaching and entering the stall. Open the door wide when putting the horse in or taking it out of the stall. Coming out of the stall, never turn your back on the horse.
2. Do NOT:
- - wrap the lead rope, reins, or cord around your hand;
- - lead the horse through gates and passages intended for people;
- - speak loudly, run, make abrupt movements, stretch your arms through the stall grill;
- - put the horse in a stable different from its own;
- - enter the stall if the horse is standing with its rear to you (you should first hail the horse and wait until it turns to you);
- - approach the horse unexpectedly from the rear (make sure the horse is aware that you are coming);
- - if the horse is behaving aggressively, you should seek help from an instructor or the stable staff;
- - bring dogs or other animals to the stable;
- - undertake any veterinary procedures without the permission of a veterinarian;
- - saddle the horse using faulty equipment; leave a saddled horse without attendance, or tie it to something by the bridle rein;
- - mount inside the stable or ride in or out of the stable on horseback. You should only mount in the arena;
- - mount or train in a bad state of health, in the state of alcohol or drug intoxication, under the influence of medications that affect coordination and reaction speed. If you feel unwell during a training session, you should stop training immediately and report to the instructor. If that is not possible, dismount and seek help from the Club Administration;
- - train in everyday clothes, ride without protective headgear and/or use footwear that is unsuitable for riding;
- - wear pins, brooches, hair clips with sharp edges, that is, anything that can injure you if you fall; wear loose hair, as it may get entangled in the reins or fall on your face and obstruct your vision;
- - mount without checking if the saddle girth is tightened enough. If necessary, tighten it before mounting and re-check after 2 or 3 minutes of riding;
- - use saddles with broken locks; bind the stirrup-leather, or fix it in any way different from the
- - one required by the design of the saddle; tie or attach any part of the rider’s body to the harness or directly to the horse;
- - make sharp turns or go to slippery surfaces when leading the horse;
- - ride outside of the training ground (arena) or, moreover, the Club territory, without notifying the instructor;
- - pull the reins abruptly or punish the horse when sitting on it;
- - smoke during the training, on horseback, in any room or on the territory of the Club;
- - let the horse out or tie it to graze on the territory of the Club;
- - sit or lie down near a grazing horse;
- - leave the training session without the instructor’s permission.
3. When riding or working with a horse, you should keep an eye on the other riders in the arena, and only pass them left shoulder to left shoulder;
4. When moving in a group (even if you are leading the horse), stay at least two horse-lengths behind the horse you are following.
5. If you lose control of the horse (that is, if the horse bolts), make it run in circles, reducing their radius until a complete stop. If the horse gets on its hind legs, you should grab its mane or throw your arms around its neck, leaning your body to it, slackening the reins (but not dropping them completely).
6. If you are falling from the horse, drop the reins and try to tuck as fast as possible. After the fall, first check yourself for injuries, and only get up if you find none. If another rider falls, you should stop and turn you horse towards the horse that lost its rider. You may also need to dismount if necessary.
7. When working with stallions, you should avoid approaching mares. When riding in a group, stallions should be put at the head of the group or next to geldings.
8. Once the horse is completely unsaddled and put into the stall, turn the horse face to the door and remove the halter.
9. Before leaving the stall, pat the horse and treat it to carrots, apples, sugar. Offer the food from an outstretched palm.